Mapping Modernity

3. Where fascism rules

25 October 2023

Dutch resistance to fascism 

In the Netherlands, the Social Democrats issued warnings about the repression occurring in concentration camps and prisons in Nazi Germany, cautioning that it could serve as a precursor if the National Socialist Movement were to gain power. At the time, there was already public awareness of the network of concentration camps. While some well-known camps like Oranienburg and Dachau were recognized, others like Buchenwald (established in 1937) and Ravensbrück (established in 1939) were not yet constructed and therefore not mentioned.

Central Plan Commission, Where fascism rules, freedom dies - Look at Germany - as Holland is - as Holland would become under fascism. Amsterdam 1936. Coll. S/T W.1c.506, 29 x 42 cm.